Winter provides gardeners the chance to reflect, recharge and plan new projects for the coming year. Take this opportunity to add mulch and adjust drip lines while plants are bare. It's much easier to visualize and plan for seasons ahead while our gardens are fairly bare, making winter perfect for pruning!
Winter pruning is for dormant plants because they can take a significant amount of pruning without going into shock. Roses, vines and stone fruits (except cherries and apricots) are especially well-suited to dormant pruning.
There are many reasons to prune your plants:
Plants that are not dormant, like citrus, should not be pruned in winter. Also resist the urge to prune away any freeze-damaged parts of plants; save that for early spring, when you prune non-dormant plants.
Bareroot options are abundant in much of the country right now, including roses, fruit trees and vines. Find what is available in your area and get them in the ground early as possible.
As soon as temps warm up get the irrigation installed on any new plantings so plants get all the water they need to thrive in the growing season.